The Antipsychotic Scandal- Effect on Mind and Body.

As even psychosis has no pathology, and, there is no evidence, that any mental disorder is caused by a chemical imbalance in our brains , what effect do drugs have ?

What permanent damage, do they cause to our brains and bodies ?

How will the Mental Task force recommendations for even more use of anti psychotics and antidepressants, really affect our health and well being ?

And, why, is our government recommending the use of anti psychotics, in light of the scientific evidence of their effect on the brain and body, side effects, and complete lack of any long term benefit ?

Neuroleptics- Anti psychotics

Risperidol, Thorazine, Haldol, and other first, and second generation anti psychotics, powerfully block dopamine pathways in the brain, and reduce a person’s capacity, to respond emotionally to the world, and also make it harder to physically move around it.

On a pathological level, neuroleptics, change the brain’s chemistry, and shrink its volume.

The brain compensates, for the drug induced dopamine block, by producing an increased density, in its dopamine receptors.

Studies have shown, this pathological change, increases a person’s biological vulnerability to psychosis, as schizophrenics treated with neuroleptics, have more severe psychotic symptoms, and relapses, when the drug is withdrawn, than, do those, who have never been treated with anti psychotics.

Philip Seeman published a paper recently, showing both second, and first generation atypical anti psychotics, induce this ‘dopamine super sensitivity’.

And Martin Harrow’s long-term study, showed patients who stopped taking medications, had markedly better outcomes .

He also reported, that medicated patients, were much more likely, to be psychotic on long-term medication, than those taken off early, and concluded, drug-induced dopamine super sensitivity, was likely, to be the reason for the remarkable difference in outcomes.

This super sensitivity, also stops the actual sedative effect of the anti psychotics over time.

So neuroleptics, change the brain chemistry, appearing to actually create psychotic episodes, in those like the autistic and learning disabled.

This suggests, the chemical imbalance theory, that, increased dopamine, causes psychosis, is wrong.

As once a sensitivity is induced, by anti psychotics, the neurotransmitters, desperate for normal levels of dopamine, change their pathology and become over sensitive, and a first psychotic episode, and/or increased episodes result.

Therefore,  treatment for schizophrenia, appears, to be based on a false premise, created by the pharma industry, out of its apparent strong sedative effects, as it, historically was used as a tranquiliser.

But it adjusts the brains chemistry to require the lost dopamine, by becoming super sensitive to dopamine detection, and, it is this change, resultant upon a deficiency of dopamine, that causes psychosis.

This surely, suggests, the brain needs, the very dopamine, being blocked to function normally.

How does it feel to be medicated ?

Some have described the effect as like a stroke, others a heavy blanket.

Most, cannot describe how they feel, as they are autistic/ learning disabled, institutionalised, and in any event ignored.

They are turned into zombies by powerful neurological chemical suppression.

As far back as 1972, researchers concluded neuroleptics ‘impaired learning’.

In 2005, a large MRI imaging study by Lieberman, showed statistically, significant shrinkage of the brain’s grey matter, in those treated with haloperidol or olanzapine, after only 12 weeks.

Yet school children, are drugged if autistic/ADHD for years.

These researchers, found, in institutions they sat ‘staring vacantly at television’, and in the community lived in ‘virtual solitude’, socially disengaged and unmotivated.

A study by psychiatrist David Healy, of 20 hospital staff, given 5mg droperidol (a haloperidol type),and then required to perform various psychological tests.

Revealed they all felt heavily sedated, and found, physical and mental activity, required a much greater effort.

One said even obtaining a sandwich from a machine, was just too complicated.

They felt disengaged from events around them, demotivated., restless, anxious, and irritated, some so distressed they felt suicidal.

My 9 year old daughter,on Risperidol in her fruit shots, as treatment for her aggression  in fact caused by an undetected poo impaction, cried almost permanently, but, as an autistic, could not describe her misery.

Some also reported, an inability to make judgments, about the effects of the drug, as they found it difficult to identify and describe them, whilst under its influence, so side effects could not be properly ascertained.

http://davidhealy.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/1998-The-immediate-effects-of-droperidol.pdf
Do the benefits outweigh the risks and side effects ?

By the end of the 1970s, the National Institute for Mental Health and leading authority in schizophrenia research William Carpenter, expressed concern, that anti psychotics, might have the perverse effect, over the long-term, of making patients, more biologically vulnerable to psychosis, than they would be, in the normal course of the illness.

This concern was based on an old study by Samuel Bockoven and three new long-term studies, funded by the NIMH.

Additionally, there were growing concerns about the frequency with which, medicated patients were developing tardive dyskinesia.

This led Jonathan Cole, the then head of the NIMH’s Psychopharmacology Service Centre, to write;

“Maintenance Antipsychotic Therapy: Is the Cure Worse than the Disease?”

So after 25 years of studying anti psychotics, researchers came to a terrifying conclusion:

These drugs might in fact, worsen the very symptoms, they were designed to treat, and had devastating side effects.

In the 1990’s the pharmaceutical industry , dealt with this bad PR,  by marketing a new range of  second generation atypicals, which they purported to have better long-term outcomes.

But, there is no scientific evidence that they do, in fact, they appear worse.

And, the first generation ones, particularly Risperidol, continue to be extensively used.

MRI studies by Gur and Andreasen, show both types of atypicals, caused changes in brain volumes, that were associated with a worsening of positive symptoms, negative symptoms, and functional impairment.

And, recent evidence shows, that anti psychotics shrinking of the brain, has grown even more robust in both new and old atypicals

And as mentioned earlier, the dopamine sensitivity, which appears to cause psychosis, is also induced by the new second generation atypicals.

The World Health Organization, in two cross-cultural studies, reported that schizophrenia patients in three developing countries had markedly better outcomes than in the U.S. and other developed countries, and that in those poor countries, only a small percentage of patients—16%—were regularly maintained on the drugs.

Robert Whitaker Explains His Research After Being Pigeonholed As Anti-Medication

See also the millions paid out for the damage and death caused by anti psychotics in the USA.
https://finolamoss.wordpress.com/2015/01/01/the-risperidone-scandal/

We also have to consider the physical side effects, of this powerful neurological suppression, particularly over years of medication.

Here is a Forum of people permanently damaged

https://drugs-forum.com/forum/showthread.php?t=215356

Remember, anti psychotics are only licenced in the UK for psychosis, and short term use for severe behavioural problems.

Despite this, they are prescribed ‘off label’ for bi polar, autism, irritability, self harm and behaviour problems,despite the fact, they can cause permanent psychosis, fits, diabetes and tardive dyskinesia, respiratory and heart conditions.

And, appear to have no measurable benefits.

And worse still, are being promoted by our government’s Mental Health Taskforce.05-nznkjrw

The Myth of the Chemical Cure and the Serotonin/Dopamine Imbalance.

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As the cross party Mental Taskforce reported earlier this year;

There has been a transformation in mental health over the last 50 years. Advances in care, the development of anti-psychotic and mood stabilising drugs’

Transformation

There has been no such ‘transformation.’.

How could there have been, in light of ours, and America’s epidemic ?

The East and Third world, do not have widespread mental illness and their patients recover.

50 years ago ,the few ‘mad’ were diagnosed psychotic  and institutionalised , given ECT ,a lobotomy, and/or anti psychotic drugs ,which served as major tranquilisers and chemical lobotomy.

Now, by contrast, 1 in 15 USA citizens at 18, are diagnosed with one of  now 375, mainly ‘conduct’ disorders, created largely by the pharmaceutical industry.

1 in  4 children, and 1 in 3 teens are now according to our government and ex PM in media ‘mentally disordered’.

And developmental disorders, like intellectual impairment, and autism, are now categorised, as mental disorders and medicated.

Worse still most are conduct disorders like Oppositional Conduct Disorder and/or Conducy Disorder.

All this has made the pharmaceutical industry, the UK’s third largest industry, eating into a quarter of our NHS budget.

But these drugs and diagnoses, have not improved the outcomes for mental health suffers.

Instead, the learning disabled/autistic/ mentally ‘disordered’,  non compliant, are harvested, institutionalised, and medicated for life under the MHA and MCA by section, or court order.And 3 a day die needlessly, without independent investigation ,if any.

In 1955 in the USA , there were 267,000 schizophrenics, today there are 2.4 million suffering a psychotic disorder.

And the Mental Taskforce Report this year, was in sharp contrast, to ten years ago, when the then Health Minister Lord Warner warned;

“…I have some concerns that sometimes we do, as a society, wish to put labels on things which are just part and parcel of the human condition”.

Advances in care, the development of anti-psychotic and mood stabilising drugs’

The government’s intention, to give mental health parity with physical health, appears to want to improve the physical health of the mentally disabled.

But the reality is that their physical problems are not being picked up, as medical examinations, and tests, are costly and difficult, requiring ketamine, deprivation of liberty restraint, extra hospital facilities and staff, and not, therefore, profitable.

But the government, does not intend to change this appalling neglect, as there is no profit in it.

This sound bite parity, instead, eludes to treating our brains, as if they were just another part of our body.

With 100 billion neurons, 150 trillion synapses and neurotransmitter pathways, the brain is almost infinitely complex.

And modern neuroscience admits, poorly understood

Yet, our government intends to medicalise our minds, emotions, our very humanity, as if it were any other part of our body.

We know insulin cures diabetes, antibiotics infection, but mental ‘disorders’ are largely man made, and unless due to some physical assault/decease, have no pathology, or even detection, and therefore, cannot be, if at all, medicated.

But amazingly, the  psychiatric drugs used to cure, a deemed malfunctioning, infinitely complex brain, appear to be based on an imbalance of just two chemicals- dopamine and serotonin .

And,  more astonishing, even if there were proof, that chemical imbalances, do cause mental ‘diseases’, no one knows, how much of any particular chemical, a  brain needs to function normally, so adjustments are blind.

This imbalance, was first propondered by Schildkraut and Jacques Van Rossum, in respect to sufferers of depression in 1965..

Yet even they stated in their paper;

“[this hypothesis is] at best a reductionistic oversimplification of a very complex biological state.’

Yet, this went on to form, effectively, the basis of psychiatry, and the treatment of all mental disorders.

Depression was caused by seronergic neurons releasing too little serotonin into the synaptic gap making the serotonegic pathways underactive.

Antidepressants, brought these serotonin levels up to normal, curing the depression.

Schizophrenia was caused by overactive dopaminergic pathways.

Anti psychotics put a brake on these, appearing to alleviate hallucinations and voices.

But in 1969, Yale researcher Malcom Bowers, was the first person to report on whether depressed patients, actually did have low levels of serotonin metabolites (5-HIAA) in their cerebrospinal fluid.

In a study of eight people, his results showed that 5-HIAA levels were slightly lower, but not “significantly” so.

In 1974, he tried again – this time finding that depressed patients who had not been exposed to antidepressants had perfectly normal 5-HIAA levels.

Suggesting that anti depressants per se, actually overtime might  cause a drop in levels.

In 1974, Joseph Mendels and Alan Frazer revisited the evidence, that  led Schildkraut to suggest his theory, and found, that the drug he had tested didn’t reliably reduce depression.

In fact, it actually lifted the spirits of some people.

And, when researchers, gave patients other serotonin-depleting drugs, they didn’t cause depression.

Then in 1975, Marie Asberg, reported that 20 of the 68 depressed patients they tested, suffered from low levels of 5-HIAA.

This, at last,  appeared to be the confirmation of Schildkraut’s theory,  the pharmaceutical industry was desperate for.

However, researchers noticed a flaw, as Asberg had failed to note,  that even though 29% of her depressed patients, had low 5-HIAA levels, 25% of her normal group did too.

There was a bell curve for each group (normal and depressed), and both showed about the same variability.

And,  worse still 24% of the depressed group, actually had high levels of serotonin.

Numerous follow-up studies continued to disprove the theory.

Causing the Essential Psychopharmacology textbook to state;

“There is no clear and convincing evidence that deficiency accounts for depression; that is, there is no ‘real’ monoamine deficit”.

But Ely Lille, was determined to make billions out of the chemical imbalance myth, and marketed it voraciously, and in 1988, Prozac//fluoxetine hit the shelves.

A pharmaceutical manager at Ely Lille, Dr John Virapen, has written a book exposing this corruption.
‘ Side effect death: corruption in the pharmaceutical industry”

https://finolamoss.wordpress.com/2016/01/09/former-manager-of-eli-lillyblows-whistle/

And despite all this, antidepressant use has doubled in the last decade
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Last year the NHS spent 285 millions on 61 million prescriptions in the UK.

So this must warrant the most lucrative quackery ever marketed.

https://www.theguardian.com/society/2016/jul/05/antidepressant-prescriptions-in-england-double-in-a-decade.

And graphically illustrates, the awesome power, PR, and state and professional influence  of the pharmaceutical industry.

Ronald Pies, Editor in Chief Emeritus of Psychiatric Times – one of the most widely read psychiatric publications. Summed it up;

‘I am not one who easily loses his temper, but I confess to experiencing markedly increased limbic activity whenever I hear someone proclaim, “Psychiatrists think all mental disorders are due to a chemical imbalance!”

In the past 30 years, I don’t believe I have ever heard a knowledgeable, well-trained psychiatrist make such a preposterous claim, except perhaps to mock it.

On the other hand, the “chemical imbalance” trope has been tossed around a great deal by opponents of psychiatry, who mendaciously attribute the phrase to psychiatrists themselves. And, yes — the “chemical imbalance” image has been vigorously promoted by some pharmaceutical companies, often to the detriment of our patients’ understanding. The legend of the “chemical imbalance” should be consigned to the dust-bin of ill-informed and malicious caricatures’

This dangerous myth, has now made trillions for the pharmaceutical industry and largely justifies the psychiatric profession.

For the latest experts dispelling the myth read here.
http://journals.plos.org/plosmedicine/article?id=10.1371/journal.pmed.0020392#pmed-0020392-b22

But in the Western world, it is still accepted and promoted, that such imbalances exist and cause a pathology in the brain, that can be fixed..

If depression, and schizophrenia cannot be detected, as a pathology, how can ADHD, ASD, Bipolar, Anxiety or PTSD ?

 

 

 

 

 

Mental Services 9 billion a year bonanza. ‘Those whom the government wish to profit from, they first make mad’

Mo

 

quote-a-rarer-spirit-never-did-steer-humanity-but-you-gods-will-give-us-some-faults-to-make-william-shakespeare-83-74-81

It is strange indeed, that in our times of unprecedented personal and national debt, austerity, and NHS crisis, our government’s main priority should be our mental health.

And this is  a ‘cross-party, cross-society consensus’.

But, it would appear their continued concern for our ‘wellbeing’ and ‘happiness’ is anything but altruistic.

Earlier this year The Mental Health Taskforce made recommendations;

Public attitudes towards mental health are improving, and there is a growing commitment among communities, workplaces, schools and within government to change the way we think about it. There is now a cross-party, cross-society consensus on what needs to change and a real desire to shift towards prevention and transform NHS care’.

https://www.england.nhs.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/Mental-Health-Taskforce-FYFV-final.pdf

And this is supported now by May here is article about her address to the Charity Commission most charities are created and supported by the government otherwise they cease to exist.

View story at Medium.com

It appears a quarter of us suffer from a mental disorder in silence.

So how do they know we do ?

And, even more will be ‘at risk’ of a mental disorder if the state does not intervene.

Local communities will be supported to develop effective Mental Health Prevention plans for those at risk’

‘Those at risk’ are the old, poor, pregnant, minority groups, teenagers and children, 4 in 10 of whom, suffer from a diagnosable disorder.

What is meant by a ‘disorder’ and how such statistics have been found per se is unknown.

But all accept them as fact.

Admissions of children to mental hospitals has risen to 42% 2015/16, mainly for anxiety but could this also be because all new admissions are to private hospitals, who are paid up to £12,500 by the NHS.

https://johnib.wordpress.com/2017/01/22/mental-health-crisis-among-children-selfie-culture-sees-cases-of-anxiety-rise-by-42-per-cent-in-five-years/

http://thirdforcenews.org.uk/tfn-news/childrens-mental-health-crisis-as-crucial-targets-are-missed

More children than ever are receiving off label anti psychotics for ADHD https://www.madinamerica.com/2016/07/more-children-receiving-off-label-antipsychotics-for-adhd/

Teenagers, particularly girls, are suffering and at risk.

All national media continually  covers this mental  epidemic.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/women/health/why-are-so-many-of-britains-teen-girls-struggling-with-mental-he/

Scientists Link Selfies To Narcissism, Addiction & Mental Illness

Pernicious propaganda is used in social media so that normal words used are discouraged and reality distorted and even ‘feminism’ used see here

http://everydayfeminism.com/2015/12/mental-illness-metaphors/?utm_content=buffer52874&utm_medium=social&utm_source=facebook.com&utm_campaign=buffer

Natasha Bevan, co founder of Body Gossip, set up in 2014, provides self- esteem and mental health courses in schools.

She was appointed Mental Health Campion,  and produced a report, that 1 in 3 school teens have mental health disorders.

She purports to act for them, and their families, demanding similar courses, to those, her organisation provides in all schools. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natasha_Devon

Who approves such courses, and, on what basis, and why are they deemed education ?

Body Gossip, is a registered charity, but the Charity Commission, does not reveal details of their accounts.

The two trustees appear to be a research academic sociologist and a psychologist

http://apps.charitycommission.gov.uk/Showcharity/RegisterOfCharities/CharityWithoutPartB.aspx?RegisteredCharityNumber=1157875&SubsidiaryNumber=0

Ms Bevan was sacked as Campion/Tsar,  just before she released her report,  appeared on Channel 4 news this week, and, was featured  in  national press, complaining government were not taking this issue seriously.

All good PR both for the government agenda and her organisation .

So social need, being a teenager, and even childhood, are, made potential signs of  a mental disorder

Already a quarter of a million of our children, are being treated for supposedly ‘mental’ issues

https://www.theguardian.com/society/2016/oct/03/quarter-of-a-million-children-receiving-mental-health-care-in-englandhealth

Why, how ?

And Hunt declares childrens mental health services are underfunded

https://www.theguardian.com/society/2016/oct/20/jeremy-hunt-promises-better-mental-health-services-children-adolescents

But is it not very harmful to declare children on their conduct mentally disordered effectively for life so even more profit can be made ?

Read here, the tragic stories of the teenagers who committed suicide because of their antidepressant medication.

The Lost Children (2015)

Even the homeless are hounded, on the national news, not to be housed, there is no profit in that, but to be assessed for mental ‘disorders’.

Since release of The Taskforce Report, there has been a veritable explosion of mental health issues  in all media, mental disorders are everywhere- students over top up fees, academics,  Brexit  anxiety.https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/may/14/teenage-mental-health-crisis-doctors

A terrifying, judgmental denormalisation of natural concerns, research dubious totalitarian push,  to create a sinister, insidious, mental epidemic, resulting in a dangerous, unprecedented, unchecked revolution, in health and social care, and the state’s control of the individual’s behaviour, medication, social interactions, and health for profit.

A market is being created. And is more likely, to be based on self interest, rather than concern and paternalism, and who will protect the  vulnerable ?

Big Pharma is behind it all and doctors show 80% of their ‘results’ are manipulated.http://www.naturalnews.com/055752_Big_Pharma_medical_research_science_fraud.html#ixzz4NzZQmOkt

Citizens, teenagers and children can be mentally labelled, for often normal emotions or reactions to our dire, isolating, ruthless society, and poor education system.

And the state and its many agents, and even on message citizens, are  tasked to survey and judge, our mental health and decide what ‘normal’ behaviour is.

To enable this, we are told the stigma of mental health has been removed, allowing us like Alistair Campbell, Stephen Fry, Ruby Wax, the Royal family and soap characters to discuss our ‘mental’ problems.

And provide a privatised NHS with potentially 16 million customers, not including those ‘at risk’, who may never suffer this subjective mental issue.

So what might be the real reason for our government and now a cross party, cross society concern ?

Already 22.8% of the NHS spend is on mental services, compared to 15.9% for cancer and 16.2% for cardiovascular disease.

NHS England spent £8.5bn in 2013-14 and an estimated £8.62bn in 2014-15.

And the government is investing a further £1bn a year to deliver the mental health taskforce’s recommendations.http://www.communitycare.co.uk/2016/02/15/mental-healths-billion-pound-question-wheres-taskforce-money-coming/

So private/charitable mental services, can get their hands on over a quarter of the total NHS budget.

It will make them happy, but what about us What do we get for this 9 billion a year spend ?

The recommendations do nothing to change our 30 year +, deplorable service, except to provide more counsellors, liason officers and suicide prevention teams to harvest customers.

And alarmingly, but is not surprising, in view of the governments connections to the pharmaceutical industry
https://finolamoss.wordpress.com/2014/12/16/mental-health-big-pharma-big-profits-big-danger/

This expensive transformation relies on the increased use of anti-psychotics and mood stabilising drugs.

As The Taskforce states;

There has been a transformation in mental health over the last 50 years. Advances in care, the development of anti-psychotic and mood stabilising drugs’

‘Prevention and Transform NHS care ‘ would appear a barely veiled push, to spend money  seeking out,  as many as possible- old, children, teenagers to drug, even though some of these people are only at risk.

Social medicalisation .

As excepting for vigilance in every part of society,  unethically treating  those ‘at risk’, who might never develop a mental disorder, and, the use of more anti-psychotics and anti depressants, nothing has changed..

Mental health, as an asset light service with few measurable, let alone measured outcomes, is already the most lucrative part of the NHS.

And as our present deplorable services show, throwing money, now already 22.8% of NHS budget at mental health, without accountability and measured outcomes has already proved disastrous, but very lucrative.

See the recycled profits of St Andrews Healthcare allowing its chief a £375,000 salary in 2010.
https://finolamoss.wordpress.com/2015/08/01/st-andrews-healthcares-recycled-income/

One autistic boy’s ‘care’ is worth £12,500 a week
https://finolamoss.wordpress.com/2015/09/21/the-million-dollar-kid/

Yet this ‘treatment’ has not improved the patients, quite the reverse, they, particularly the autistic are being made much much worse, institutionalised for life and dying in swarms.

A corporate state monopoly service’s duty, is to sustainability and profit, recycled or not, and successful treatment can be counter productive, if there is no competition and effectively no regulation.

No one knows how our minds work and  without measured control based outcomes, psychiatry and psychology are largely Emperors Clothes and conjecture.

See the Myth of Mental Illness written by a psychiatrist of 50 years standing.

And  deterioration can be blamed on the ‘disorder’ per se and ironically used to validate the ‘disorder’

There is also evidence that anti-psychotics can cause psychosis and seizures..

And how can the consumer complain, or sue, as unlike USA we do not have an insurance based/contractual causes of action.

As many disorders, currently at 375, as wanted can be created.

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) is the standard classification of mental disorders used by mental health professionals
https://www.psychiatry.org/psychiatrists/practice/dsm

Each  disorder can be treated with a ‘magic bullet’ drug that is why the pharmaceutical industry largely created them and promotes the manual.

The Manual opens with a four-page colour spread of different drugs listed under trade names.

And these ‘disorders’ can usefully, be attributed to different facets of a pathological, or development disorder ie Autism can lead to diagnoses of ADHD,OD,OCD,..

Research by charities and Universities paid for by government give flesh to the latest created ‘disorder’.

Self harm, as a separate disorder, was unheard of,  and bi polar/manic depression was a severe mental condition of  psychotic highs and lows, but is now extended by  government funded research to mood swings.

Autism and learning disability have been similarly widen by adeptive  and ever vaguer assessment criteria, and then recently  made mental disorders.

There have even been recent suggestions for the creation of a radicalism disorder Mentalising not just social but political dissidence.

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/may/14/teenage-mental-health-crisis-doctors

ADHD, Autism, Behaviour Disorders are diagnosed in children. http://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/28/books/review/adhd-nation-alan-schwarz.html?ref=oembed&_r=0

The very serious side effects of medication are ignored.

And often treated with a different magic bullet.

GPs, and psychiatrists are paid by prescription and intervention and are employees under strict codes of conduct, in now a commercially aware industry, and often forced to ignore or subvert ‘ First do no harm’.

The eventual monopoly privatisation of mental health services will boost our economic growth but at a huge cost to the deficit.

And to truth, individual autonomy and the nation’s sanity.
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Horror of Deprivation of Liberty Authorisations- LAs can encage for life with no safeguards for maximum private profit.

bedlam

Hundreds of thousands, and thousands more, have and will lose their liberty, and legal competence for ever in England and Wales on the authorisation of a Local Authority.

By use of a standard Deprivation of Liberty  Authorisation..

Nearly a thousand years, after Habeas Corpus ensured citizens could not be imprisoned without due process along came the Mental Capacity Act .

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/deprivation-of-liberty-safeguards-forms-and-guidance.

The MCA allows, agents of the state, via a simple, effectively unopposable, as there is no legal aid for family, agent of state Official Solicitor acting for the imprisoned,  to remove all freedom and decisions for life in secret.

In this prison for life, a commissioned private for profit service provider, is in total control, medication enforced by their medical employees  without any possible independent intervention.

All that is needed, for this unimaginable hell, is for  a citizen to be 18 and suffer from a mental ‘disorder’.

And, for the Local Authority to suspect, or assess they lack the ‘capacity’ to decide for themselves about ‘the restrictions’, the state feels, it needs to impose upon them to ensure their ‘care and treatment’ in their ‘best interests’.

Any advance decision to refuse treatment or support, or a Lasting Power of Attorney, or Deputyship can, and is overridden by the COP, on retrospective ‘incapacity’ grounds.

So all individual autonomy can be lost, and a person’s decisions, made for him by a private appointed by state for profit care and medical provider.

The individual in law becomes a non person.

We are, as far as I am aware, other than in Scotland, the only country in the world were the state is allowed to do this.

So once ‘incapacity’ is even suspected, which can and does happen, if a person is diagnosed with a mental disorder, establishing an MCA ‘impairment of the mind’.

The state has 375 ‘disorders’, including Autistic Spectrum Disorder and Learning Disability to choose from.

And, the MCA list for ‘impairment’ is non exhaustive and can include effects of drink, drugs or medication even if temporary.

So effectively, anyone can have their autonomy removed, if they fail to avoid the state’s mental health detectors.

Once ‘incapacity’ has been found, all that is needed, is for a Deprivation of Liberty application to be made by the Managing Authority, and this authority is the very Care  Provider, who will make huge profits from procurement of the citizen..

These providers also own ‘specialist hospitals’, where the citizen can be ‘rehabilitated’ by drugs, and they also own the  ‘community living’, where they then spend the rest of their lives.

As Health and Social Care Trusts, increasingly work with these private care providers, and are now effectively paid, and used as ‘best interests’ assessors, and ‘treatment’ providers, for the Managing Authority,( the service provider), there is a huge conflict of interests as their job depends on them doing what their employer wants.

And worse still, The Deprivation of Liberty Application is to the Supervising Authority ,which is the very Local Authority ,who commissions the Managing Authority’s ‘care and treatment’ services.

So, a Managing Authority, whose services are put in place, and approved by a Supervising Authority the LA/HSCT ,are asking, that Authority for permission, to enforce the services, that that Authority commissioned them to provide.

If the Supervising Authority. were to refuse, their commissioned services would be illegal, and in breach of a person’s human rights, and, as commissioners, they would be liable to pay compensation, and be in breach of their statutory duty.

Not surprisingly, therefore, it is unlikely, that any DOL’s application has ever been refused.

Which makes the need for a DOLs authorisation, in practice, a worthless, tick box exercise.

A barely concealed, cynical sop to protection of a citizen’s liberty for life.

The close links between the two Authorities, effectively mean, they are asking permission of themselves.

And, terrifyingly, this is purported by the MCA to be a ‘safeguard’ against the arbitrary removal of a person’s liberty for life.

When in fact it allows it.

Shocking per se, but particularly dangerous, when the services are not independently accountable, and are being  run in secret for maximum profit.

In the possible appointments of an Independent Mental Health ‘Advocate’ and/or Registered Relevant Person Service, the MCA gives further tick box, phyric non existent safeguards.

As, these so called ‘advocates/representatives’, cannot, in any event, take part in the Managing Authority’s ‘best interests’ decision, and, may not have even met the incapacitated when the application is made.

Once the LA Supervisory Authority has given the Managing Authority their permission, to deprive a citizen of his liberty, a van and police escort can be sent to the family home, where a doctor/psychiatrist employee attends, to administer ketamine to facilitate removal.

Also to aid removal, it is likely, that neither the family, nor the deemed ‘incapacitated’, will have any idea this might, let alone will happen, and the Deprivation of Liberty Order can be handed over on removal.

All that needs to happen now, is for the Supervising Authority- the LA, who commissioned the services, and would be liable, if inadequate, or illegal, to Review this Deprivation of Liberty, annually for life.

Neither the ‘incapacitated’ nor their family can do anything.

If they are already in, or, apply de novo to the Court of Protection opposing the removal.

An Official Solicitor, will be appointed by the state to act for the incapacitated.

He will support the DOLs , as this is the only support available, and therefore, has to be in a citizen’s ‘best interests’.

s 5 or s8 Human Rights Act actions will be dismissed by holding the DOLs, a proportionate interference by the state.

Judicial Reviews of the Local Authorities decision, are costly, and now legally made effectively impossible.

Applications and appeals by family are dealt with on a case management basis, at a local level, and, will be unsuccessful.

All will be done in  secret, and all gagged for life.

This is much, much worse than a Mental Health Act section, as it is in secret, for life, for profit, and a person need not be proved to be a danger to himself or others, but still must remain in the Bedlam, of ‘community living’ for life.

See here standard flowchart checks service providers use to ensure legality of encagement:

dols-referral-process

Now, look at what, the for profit services, can do inter alia,  to any individual for life, once they have this authorisation

http://www.scie.org.uk/publications/ataglance/ataglance43.asp

use locks or key pads which stop a person going out or into different areas of a building

use medication, for example, to calm a person- ( but why is he upset- is he in pain ?)

close supervision in the home, or the use of isolation- ( is this not emotional abuse ?)

require a person to be supervised when out

restrict contact with friends, family and acquaintances, including if they could cause the person harm (‘including,’ so proof of ‘harm’ not needed,and who decides type of ‘harm’.  So at any time parents can be excluded from even visits ).

physically stop a person from doing something which could cause them harm

remove items from a person which could cause them harm

hold a person so that they can be given care, support or treatment ( what is meant by hold, care, and treatment?)

bedrails, wheelchair straps, restraints in a vehicle, and splints- (Thomas Rawnsley at 4ft 10 inches, 18 Downs and autistic was put in splints on removal by 2 male guards).

the person having to stay somewhere against their wishes or the wishes of a family member

repeatedly saying to a person they will be restrained if they persist in a certain behaviour.

This looks like authorised abuse, and not much of a community , or home, certainly not a vestige  of independence, and it is for life.

And all this can be routinely imposed upon the vulnerable, by itinerant prescribed workers, in secret unseen, for ever more risk assessed, efficient for maximum profit care.

And here, from workers in Lifeways, now Cambian ‘community living’, gives us the only glimpse of what life is like for the incapacitated.

https://finolamoss.wordpress.com/2016/04/14/workers-expose-life-in-lifeways-supported-living/

We have seen Thomas Rawnsley’s hell in his homes Norcott Lodge, owned by Homeleigh, a company bought out with million pound windfalls to owners, by venture capital backed Cambian, who then bought Lifeways, again paying the owners millions, who owned Kingdom House, where Thomas died.

Remember, we pay a minimum of £4,000 per week, and huge drug bills, for each resident, and the worse their behaviour becomes, the more  can be claimed for their ‘ care and treatment’.

Here is an Ombudsman’s decision and compensation of an autistic man provided with inadequate Council residential  support.

http://www.localgovernmentlawyer.co.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=28230:ombudsman-criticises-council-after-man-left-in-unsuitable-care-home&catid=1:latest-stories

Yet another example of enforced for profit living by LA of a 36 year old forced away from her family and community to live in isolation with inadequate support.

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/sep/01/sam-cant-speak-disabled-housing-ruining-health?CMP=share_btn_tw

This month The Alzheimer Society reported an all time high in Deprivation of Liberty Orders.

https://www.alzheimers.org.uk/site/scripts/news_article.php?newsID=2665&utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+org%2FdNPt+%28Alzheimer%27s+Society+%27Latest+News%27%29